WHAT’S JACAR?

Outline of JACAR’s Collection

Materials accessible through the Internet

The materials accessible through the Internet are materials considered useful for understanding Japan's past relation with various neighboring Asian and other countries and regions. These materials are possessed by several Japanese Governments’ institutions and are available to the public spanning from the beginning of the Meiji era to the end of the World War II. JACAR currently provides access through the Internet to official documents of 3 governmental institutions. These official documents are sorted according to the cataloging systems of respective institutions, and compiled in "files" of varying formats and units of item or period, etc. The files are further sorted into individual historical record "items" with their own titles, according to their subject matter.

National Archives of Japan/Diplomatic Archives/National Institute for Defense Studies

The National Archives of Japan

Among the collection of the National Archives of Japan, JACAR provides access to the materials of the Japanese Cabinet from the Meiji era to closing years of World War II. As these materials also include vast amounts of records relating to genuine domestic affairs, we are extracting those that concern to Asian history for the convenience of the user. We are providing "Kobun Zassan" (materials received by the Cabinet dating from the 19th year of the Meiji era (1886) to the 20th year of Showa era, but not compiled in “Kobun Ruishu”). "Goshomei Gempon" (original documents promulgating laws and treaties, with sign and seal of the Emperor), "Sumitsuin Kaigi Kankei Shorui" (document related to Privy Council meetings), and others.

Dajo Ruiten Dajo Ruiten is the compilation of records collected by the Dajokan, the central administrative organ of the Government until the Meiji Government adopted the cabinet system. These records cover the period from October of the 3rd year of the Keio era (1867) to the 14th year of the Meiji era (1881). Consisting of copies and originals of journals of the Dajokan, regulations concerning ceremonies, diplomatic documents, and others, the materials are valuable records of such matters as treaties of friendship Japan concluded with various foreign countries during the early Meiji era.
Kobun Roku Kobun Roku are original copies of official documents that the Dajokan received from the 1st year of the Meiji era (1868) to Meiji 18 (1885) sorted by ministry or agency concerned and year, designated as the country's important cultural property. Among the records of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are detailed records concerning establishment of diplomatic relations with various foreign countries, arranged in chronological order.
Kobun Ruishu Kobun Ruishu is a collection of official documents that were compiled under the Dajo Ruiten title until Meiji 14 (1881) and that took the present title in Meiji 15 (1882). Starting from Meiji 19 (1886), original proceedings for laws and regulations have been placed in this category. As of June 2002, JACAR has provides access through the Internet to Asian historical records up to the 11th year of the Showa era (1936).

Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

JACAR provides the access through the Internet to the materials collected and made available to the public by The Diplomatic Record Archives, which are generally referred as "The Foreign Ministry records". These are records on diplomatic activities from the early years of the Meiji era to the end of World War II, including telegrams and official correspondences exchanged between Foreign Ministry and embassies and legations abroad, reports of investigation, materials on policy making, and other valuable diplomatic documents and materials. Unfortunately some records were destroyed by the fire of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1942, air raids in 1945, and documents burning after the end of World War II. A part of records were requisitioned by the U.S. armed forces and seized as evidences for the Military Tribunal for the Far East. Records transcribed by Matsumoto Tadao who served as Parliamentary Vice Minister from 1937 to 1939 fortunately include a part of materials lost and these are accessible through the Internet as the "Matsumoto Record." "The Foreign Ministry records" are divided into "Meiji and Taisho eras" and "early Showa-War period" according to their system of classification.

* Meiji/Taisho compilation This compilation has approximately 22,000 files arranged into 8 categories such as politics, treaties, commerce, etc.
* Early Showa-War Period compilation This compilation, which also includes materials relating to the end of World War II, has approximately 26,000 files classified into 16 categories such as politics, diplomacy, treaties, economics, etc.
Materials currently accessible on the Internet The materials currently accessible through the Internet are "Category A" (Politics and Diplomacy) of "Early Showa era" consisting of approx. 2,200 files, approx. 600,000 images, and 30,000 catalog items. Included are valuable records concerning the Sino-Japanese War and the outbreak of the Pacific War.

The National Institute for Defense Studies of the Ministry of Defense

The materials collected and made available to the public by National Institute for Defense Studies of the Ministry of Defense are composed with the documents of the former Japanese Army and Navy. The former Japanese Army and Navy destroyed large quantities of their materials at the end of the Pacific War. In the chaos of the end of the war, a lot of valuable materials were scattered and lost as well. Many official documents of the Army Ministry and Navy Ministry that escaped war flames were seized by the U.S. armed forces and placed under the control of State Department in Washington. At present, this institute is holding these former Japanese Army and Navy materials seized by the United States at the end of the war and returned in 1958 (materials returned by U.S. Government), materials maintained and stored by the "Demobilization Bureau" of the Ministry of Public Welfare, and those collected by The National Institute for Defense Studies itself, amounting to approx. 57,000 files relating to the former Japanese Army and 36,000 files relating to the former Japanese Navy.

Former Japanese Army-related materials * Ministry of War Journals These are official documents the Ministry of War compiled dating from Meiji 1 (1868) to 1942, centering on materials relating to military government. There are about 20 kinds such as "Mitsu-Dainikki," "Rikushi-mitsu," "Rikuman-mitsu," and others.
* Field journals and battle details, etc. Official documents produced by army units, etc., comprising various battle records from the establishment of the former Japanese Army to the end of the war in 1945.
Former Japanese Navy-related materials * Navy official documents and notes These are official documents the Ministry of the Navy compiled dating from Meiji 9 (1877) to 1937 classified into 20 kinds such as education, battleship, ordnance, etc.
* Field journals and battle details, etc Official documents produced by squadrons, etc., comprising various battle records from the establishment of the former Japanese Navy to the end of the war in 1945.